Cuba’s Fidel Castro, former president, dies aged 90

Cuba’s Fidel Castro, former president, dies aged 90

Fidel Castro. Photo: September 2010

Fidel Castro led the Communist revolution in Cuba in 1959. Photo: September 2010

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-38114953#”

Fidel Castro, Cuba’s former president and leader of the Communist revolution, has died aged 90, state TV has announced.

It provided no further details.

Fidel Castro ruled Cuba as a one-party state for almost half a century before handing over the powers to his brother Raul in 2008.

His supporters praised him as a man who had given Cuba back to the people. But his opponents accused him of brutally suppressing opposition.

[Read more on the life of Fidel Castro below]

FIDEL CASTRO  ( from Wikipedia)       

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (American Spanish: [fiˈðel aleˈxandɾo ˈkastɾo ˈrus] About this sound audio ; August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016), commonly known as Fidel Castro, was a Cuban politician and revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. Politically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration Cuba became a one-party communist state; industry and business were nationalized, and state socialistreforms implemented throughout society.       [READ MORE]

 

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Comments

  • Tulsie Das  On November 26, 2016 at 4:33 am

    His resting place should be beside his Brother in Arms Che Guevarra.

  • guyaneseonline  On November 26, 2016 at 2:02 pm

    CASTRO DEAD

    Links compiled by the St. Stanislaus College Blog website

    Castro Dead
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-38114953
    http://www.cnn.com/2016/11/26/americas/fidel-castro-obit/
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/26/the-old-man-is-dead-fidel-castros-death-sparks-celebrations-on-streets-of-miami
    http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/11/cuba-fidel-castro-dies-aged-90-161126052522006.html
    http://www.dailywire.com/news/11102/breaking-communist-cuban-dictator-fidel-castro-michael-knowles?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_content=062316-news&utm_campaign=dwbrand
    http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/live-fidel-castro-dead-90-9338198?service=responsive
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2016/nov/26/fidel-castro-death-cuban-leader-live-updates
    http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/former-cuban-president-fidel-castro-dead-90-cuban-tv-n688511
    http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/fidel-castro-obit-1.3869212
    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/11/26/fidel-castro-cubas-revolutionary-icon-dead-aged-90-latest/
    http://www.reuters.com/article/us-cuba-castro-idUSKBN13L044
    http://nypost.com/2016/11/26/a-tyrant-is-dead-world-leaders-react-to-fidel-castros-death/
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2016/nov/26/fidel-castro-death-cuban-leader-live-updates
    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/fidel-castro-dies-cubas-former-leader-dead-aged-90-a7440471.html
    http://www.cnn.com/2016/11/26/world/fidel-castro-death-reaction/index.html
    http://www.politico.com/story/2016/11/cuba-hardliners-castro-death-231846
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/26/fidel-castro-legacy?CMP=fb_gu

    Official Announcement
    http://www.lemonde.fr/ameriques/article/2016/11/26/les-dirigeants-d-amerique-latine-reagissent-a-la-mort-de-l-eternel-compagnon_5038491_3222.html

    Related
    http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/11/25/castro-at-80-2/:

  • Super woman  On November 26, 2016 at 2:44 pm

    Look the bloke was 90 . Who cares where he should be laid. He had a good life . There are better things to worry about

  • demerwater  On November 27, 2016 at 6:14 am

    Fidel Castro featured in an “Anti-Colonial Spring” of sorts.
    We were restive and restless; we were ‘chomping at the bit’ – to rid ourselves of the yoke of British Colonialism. In those exciting times, names like Kwame Nkrumah, Fidel Castro, Cheddie Jagan, Eric Williams constantly vied for attention in my young (I was young – once!) and impressionable mind.
    This Nationalism was counter-balanced by a single name: Ian Smith and his single idea – UDI. “Kith and Kin!” was our way of ‘crying foul’.
    A comparatively short time later, my thinking changed, or ‘flip-flopped’ – if it pleases you.
    On November 22, 1963, my first reaction was ” … and men like Castro are allowed to live.. ”
    Later still, today, I remember that there was a cartoon in an American newspaper, depicting a double barrel cannon pointing at Florida from the direction of South America. One barrel was labeled “Cuba”. The other was labeled “British Guiana”. The fear of Communism was really, really …. welI… Real!
    I also remember that Cuba once led many “first world” countries in the area of infant survival and health. As I watch videos of old, really old, cars still on the road in Havana, I think of the parallel ingenuity of hire-car drivers on the West Coast, Demerara during the days of fuel and parts shortage. I see a parallel of the Guyanese housewife ‘making sardine’ with local fish because of an internal ban on the imported product; and her Cuban counterpart doing the same in the face of an external embargo.
    “There would have been a ‘Cheddie Jagan’ anyway”, Ian Carew told us at Uitvlugt; as he made the point that Leaders emerge in response to the prevailing circumstances. I have to wonder what the circumstances were that brought out some of the leaders in history.
    British Guiana and Cuba; Cheddie and Fidel; the fight against colonialism and colonialization – parallel universes?
    Yes, for a young East Indian male British Guyanese, looking for an ideology to put his mind into.
    Come to think of it, I am still seeking.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhodesia's_Unilateral_Declaration_of_Independence

    • Thinker  On December 2, 2016 at 6:10 pm

      Not to cause controversy, but in many ways Cheddie was unique. Prevailing circumstances on sugar estates in other countries didn’t give birth to anyone like Cheddie.

  • Super woman  On November 27, 2016 at 8:11 am

    The man was tyrant. The country is free of another mad politician. I have no sympathy as he lived his life suppressing his people. When I visited there the Cuban Doctor who turned cleaner was asking for toothpaste and bars of soap.

    • Thinker  On November 30, 2016 at 12:48 am

      The general habit is not to speak ill of the recently departed. However, no matter how much one may admire Fidel’s anti-imperialist stand and actions, it would be hypocritical for those of us who experienced Burnham’s repression to ignore the human rights oppression in Cuba. The slightest infringement affecting Guyanese anywhere we would condemn, so we can’t just ignore tne massive repression of the Cuban state under Castro as well as the rate of executions following the Cuban Revolution.

  • Clyde Duncan  On November 28, 2016 at 7:39 am

    That Time Fidel Castro Embarrassed Netanyahu – and Praised His Father

    In an interview, Castro said he had great sympathy for the Jewish people and praised Netanyahu’s historian father. Some in the U.S.A. were not pleased.

    Haaretz Editorial

    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu found himself in a pickle in 2010 when, after he expressed his appreciation for remarks by Cuba’s former leader Fidel Castro, who passed away Saturday, he inspired the anger of some in the U.S.A. and was forced to apologize.

    Speaking to The Atlantic, Castro told Jeffery Goldberg at the time that “without a doubt” Israel had a right to exist.

    In that interview, Castro, according to Goldberg, expressed “great sympathy for persecuted Jews throughout history” and expressed admiration for Netanyahu’s father, Ben-Zion, who Goldberg described as “the world’s foremost historian of the Spanish Inquisition, and a hard-line Likudnik.”

    After the interview, Netanyahu said that “the remarks attributed to Castro demonstrate his deep understanding of the history of the Jewish people and the State of Israel,” Haaretz’s Barak Ravid reported.

    Castro also referenced the Holocaust in the interview, saying “Now, let’s imagine that I were Netanyahu,” Castro said, “that I were there and I sat down to reason through [the issues facing Israel], I would remember that six million Jewish men and women, of all ages were exterminated in the concentration camps.”

    Even then-President Shimon Peres praised the Cuban leader for the comments, saying “I must confess that your remarks were, in my opinion, unexpected and rife with unique intellectual depth,” the president wrote in a message addressed to Castro.

    Some Americans, needless to say, were not pleased, with some even demanding an apology. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida, a legislator since 1989 and Florida’s most senior Republican woman in the U.S. House, who also chaired the House Foreign Affairs Committee, is known in Washington for her hard line against the Cuban regime as well as her unflinching support for Israel.

    Ros-Lehtinen was born in Havana, and as a girl came to Florida, where her father continued the anti-Castro campaign among Cuban expatriates. On hearing Netanyahu’s praise for Castro’s remarks, Ros-Lehtinen contacted several Israeli officials asking them to urge the prime minister to retract his comments.

    On his visit to the U.S.A. two weeks ago, the prime minister called the lawmaker by phone and apologized.

    The prime minister’s bureau said at the time that Netanyahu’s remarks “referred only to a specific article,” adding, “the prime minister made clear he hasn’t changed his position on a number of other things Castro said over the years, including over the past year, on the State of Israel.”

    Ros-Lehtinen reportedly said she had told Netanyahu, “I just said look, this guy has been an enemy of Israel, just because he said something that a normal person would say – after 50 years of anti-Israel incitement, it’s one phrase from an old guy who doesn’t even know where he’s standing.”

    Castro has aimed his scorn at Israel and in 2014 described Israel’s offensive in Gaza as a “new, repugnant form of fascism.”

    Castro made his comments in a column titled “Palestinian Holocaust in Gaza” and published in an official Cuban communist party newspaper. “Why does the government of this country (Israel) think that the world will be impervious to this macabre genocide that is being committed today against the Palestinian people?” Castro wrote.

  • Clyde Duncan  On November 28, 2016 at 8:17 am

    ARTICLE BY FIDEL CASTRO – Granma 2014

    Palestinian Holocaust in Gaza

    • I again request that Granma not use the front page for these relatively brief lines about the genocide of Palestinians being committed

    Fidel Castro Ruz

    I am writing them rapidly, to state only that which requires deep reflection.

    I think that a new, repugnant form of fascism is emerging with notable strength, at this time in human history when more than seven billion inhabitants are struggling for their survival.

    None of these circumstances have anything to do with the creation of the Roman Empire, around 2,400 years ago, or with the U.S.A. Empire which, in this region only 200 years ago, was described by Simón Bolívar who exclaimed, “…the United States appears to be destined by providence to plague America with misery in the name of liberty.”

    England was the first true colonial power to use its dominion over a large part of Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Australia, North America, and many Caribbean islands, in the first half of the 20th century.

    On this occasion I will not talk about the wars and crimes committed by the United States Empire over more than 100 years, but will only state what it wanted to do to Cuba, what it has done to many other countries in the world, and only served to prove that “A just idea in the depth of a cave is stronger than an army.”

    History is much more complicated than everything I have said, but that is the way it is, in broad strokes, as the inhabitants of Palestine know, and it is likewise logical that the modern communications media reflect the news which arrives daily, as has occurred with the shameful, criminal war in the Gaza Strip, a piece of land where the population lives in what remains of what was independent Palestine only 50 years ago.

    The French agency AFP reported August 2, “The war between the Islamist Palestinian movement Hamas and Israel has caused the deaths of close to 1,800 Palestinians,… the destruction of thousands of homes, and ruined an economy which was already weakened,” although it does not indicate, of course, who initiated the terrible war.

    Added later, “… As of Saturday at midday the Israeli offensive had killed 1,712 Palestinians and injured 8,900. The United Nations was able to verify the identities of 1,117 dead, in their majority civilians … UNICEF counted at least 296 dead minors.”

    “The United Nations estimates …some 58,900 persons homeless in the Gaza Strip.”

    “Ten of the 32 hospitals were closed and another 11 damaged.”

    “This Palestinian enclave of 362 km² does not have the infrastructure needed for 1.8 million inhabitants, above all in terms of the provision of electricity and water.”

    According to the IMF, the rate of unemployment surpasses 40% in the Gaza Strip, territory subjected to an Israeli blockade since 2006.

    In 2000, unemployment was 20%, and in 2011, 30%.

    More than 70% of the population depends on humanitarian aid during normal periods, according to Gisha.

    The Israeli government declared a humanitarian truce in Gaza at 07:00 GMT on Monday, nevertheless within a few hours, it broke the truce attacking a house, injuring 30 persons, in their majority women and children, and an eight-year-old girl died.

    In the dawn hours of this same day, 10 Palestinians died as a result of Israeli attacks in all of Gaza and the number of Palestinians murdered has already increased to 2,000.

    The killing has reached the point that, “French Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius stated this Monday that Israel’s right to security does not justify the massacre of the civilians taking place.”

    The Nazi genocide of Jews outraged all the earth’s peoples. Why does this government believe that the world will be insensitive to the macabre genocide which today is being perpetuated against the Palestinian people? Perhaps it is expected that the complicity of the U.S. Empire in this shameful massacre will be ignored?

    The human species is living in an unprecedented stage of history. A crash between military planes or warships which are closely watched, or other similar events, could unleash a conflict with the use of sophisticated, modern weapons, which could become the last known adventure of Homo sapiens.

    There are events which reflect the almost total inability of the United States of America to face the world’s current problems. It can be stated that there is no government in the U.S.A., no Senate, no Congress, CIA or Pentagon which will determine the final outcome.

    It is truly sad that this should happen when the dangers are so great, but the opportunities to move forward are great as well.

    When the great patriotic war took place, Russian citizens defended their country like Spartans, underestimating them was the worse error made by the United States of America and Europe.

    Their closest allies, the Chinese, who like the Russians achieved their victory on the basis of the same principles, constitute today the earth’s most dynamic economic force. Countries want the Yuan and NOT dollars to acquire goods and technology, and increased trade.

    New, indispensable forces have emerged. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – establishing links with Latin America and the majority of countries in the Caribbean and Africa struggling for development – constitute the forces which in our era are willing to collaborate with the rest of the world’s countries, without excluding the United States of America, Europe or Japan.

    Blaming the Russian Federation for the in-flight destruction of the Malaysian airplane is a stunning oversimplification. Not Vladímir Putin, nor Serguéi Lavrov, Russia’s minister of Foreign Relations, or any other leader of the government of Russia would ever come up with such nonsense.

    Twenty-six million Russians died in the defense of their homeland against the Nazis. Chinese combatants, men and women, inheritors of a millennial culture, are people of uncommon intelligence and an invincible spirit of struggle; and Xi Jinping is one of the strongest and most capable revolutionary leaders I have met in my life.

    Fidel Castro Ruz

    August 4, 2014
    10: 45 p.m.

  • Albert  On November 30, 2016 at 12:25 pm

    Its difficult to find good things written about people like Malcolm X and Castro by American sources. One has to search elsewhere. Why is Fidel an hero in the developing world and not America? How come Nelson Mandela kept a good relationship with Castro in spite of enormous pressure from the US.

    One of many reasons: under Ronald Regan the US was providing support and satellite images to the South African army in its war with Angolian troops. Thanks to the help of Cuban troops the South African army was soundly defeated, suffered major losses and fled. The sight of so many young white bodies in body bags returning to South Africa may have help to bring about the end of Aparthied.
    There are many Cuban doctors/nurses working in poor countries where other doctors do not go. Mind you Cuba is a poor country.

    How come, unlike any other Latin American country (plus the US) Cuba does not have a drug problem? Maybe because drug dealers and mobsters are place before a firing squad.

  • Clyde Duncan  On December 2, 2016 at 8:50 pm

    Fidel Castro Turned Out to Be Right About the USA Role in Latin America

    by Mark Weisbrot – CEPR: Centre for Economic and Policy Research

    This article was published by The Hill on December 2, 2016. If anyone wishes to reprint it, please let us know by replying to this message. If this email was forwarded to you, subscribe to CEPR’s email lists here.
    ——————————————————————————–
    Reactions to the death of Fidel Castro Ruz have highlighted some of the differences in the way the Cuban revolutionary and long-time head of state is perceived throughout the world.

    Most of the world admires Castro and Cuba as having accomplished something heroic by standing up to a bullying empire of immense power, defending the country’s national sovereignty, and living to tell about it. Not to mention the millions of people aided by Cuban doctors and health care workers and other acts of international solidarity that are perhaps unrivaled in modern history, especially for a nation of Cuba’s size and income level.

    In the belly of the bully, things look different. And we are not just talking about Donald Trump’s impolite rant upon Castro’s death, true to form and pandering to the waning but still influential Republican base of right-wing Florida Cuban-Americans.

    From the New York Times subhead of its obituary for Fidel:
    “Mr. Castro brought the Cold War to the Western Hemisphere, bedeviled 11 American presidents and briefly pushed the world to the brink of nuclear war.”

    Let’s look for a moment at one piece of this unintentional humour: just who brought the Cold War to this hemisphere? A few years before the Cuban revolution, Washington overthrew the democratically elected government of Guatemala under the false pretext that it was a beachhead of Soviet Communism in the hemisphere.

    This ushered in nearly four decades of dictatorship and horrific state violence, which the UN later determined was genocide. In 1999, President Bill Clinton would apologize for the USA role in this genocide.

    But what vindicates Castro’s view ― and most of the world’s interpretation ― of the USA-Cuban conflict, even more than the first four decades of the USA embargo and other interventions against Cuba, is what has happened in Latin America in the 21st century.

    In this era, left governments came to power through democratic elections on a scale that had never happened before. First Venezuela, then Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Honduras, Chile, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Paraguay, and El Salvador elected, and in some countries re-elected, left governments.

    A number of the new presidents had been persecuted, jailed, or tortured under USA-supported dictatorships. And all of them had the same view as Fidel Castro of the United States of America’s role in Latin America.

    Although the Soviet Union was more than a decade in the past, the “Cold War” that Cuba confronted turned out to be alive and thriving in the 21st century.

    Washington was hostile to most of these governments and seemed to be looking for opportunities to get rid of them by any means necessary. Of course this was not 1960; they couldn’t declare embargoes and organize an invasion force as in Cuba. But they were involved in the 2002 military coup in Venezuela and supported other extralegal attempts to get rid of the government there.

    Washington also did everything it could to help consolidate the 2009 military coup in Honduras, and Hillary Clinton admitted in her 2014 book that she worked successfully to prevent the democratically elected president, Manuel Zelaya, from returning to office. The USA government also helped consolidate the parliamentary coup in Paraguay in 2012.

    The USA has also aided the recent right-wing resurgence in Latin America.

    When Mauricio Macri assumed office as president of Argentina last December, the Obama administration lifted its block on loans from the Inter-American Development Bank and other multilateral lenders that it had implemented against the prior left government. The New York judge who had taken more than 90 percent of Argentina creditor’s hostage on behalf of USA vulture funds also quickly lifted his injunction, in what clearly seemed a political act. And the Obama administration also demonstrated its support for the recent parliamentary coup in Brazil.

    Fidel Castro, it turns out, was right all along about USA policy in Latin America.

    The continuity of this policy, from the height of the Cold War right up to the present moment is amazing, given how much the world has changed. It should make anyone question how much the former Soviet Union or any of the other pretexts that we have been given for USA intervention in the hemisphere over the past six decades ― e.g., “human rights” ― had to do with anything.

    This shameful reality could possibly get some more attention now that we have a president-elect who talks and acts like the bully that the USA has been for so long in Latin America. Optics matter! The Obama administration was at least as bad as the George W. Bush administration in this hemisphere. (The opening of relations with Cuba was a historic change, and a recognition that 55 years of embargo had failed to bring about regime change. But it was not so much a change in policy as a shift to what was seen as a potentially more effective way to accomplish the same goal.) But George W. Bush got much worse press than President Obama did, and that made a difference.

    For the first time in years, the USA now has important allies in South America that see Washington’s regional interests as their own: In the new right-wing governments of Brazil, Argentina, and Peru. This had already set Washington on the offensive under the current administration. Trump has made noises about being more belligerent against Cuba, although it is not clear that he would want to get in the way of USA business interests that have wanted to open up Cuba for many years. But he is going to be a much less publicly palatable ally for the new right-wing governments of the region.

    Mark Weisbrot is Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C. and president of Just Foreign Policy. He is also the author of the new book Failed: What the “Experts” Got Wrong About the Global Economy (Oxford University Press, 2015).

    CEPR is an independent, nonpartisan think tank that was established to promote democratic debate on the most important economic and social issues that affect people’s lives.

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